- Thursday 19 March 2020, 11:00
Please note that this event has been postponed. Information about the rescheduled event will be posted as soon as we are able.
Institute for Transport Studies (ITS) & Centre for African Studies (LUCAS) research seminar with speaker Dr Hazvinei T Tamuka Moyo, University of Cape Town, South Africa.
One of the consequences of the Group Areas Act of 1950 is that post-apartheid South African cities inherited spatial patterns characterised by limited access to social and economic opportunities for the black and coloured population, peripheral location of high-density low-income housing while low density high-income housing is located in accessible areas. With increased rural to urban migration, the demand for formal housing has historically surpassed supply which has increased the growth of informal settlements. Current discourse within South African land use policy suggests that in-situ upgrading of informal housing is a viable response to integrate informal settlements into the formal city. On the other hand it is proposed that new low income residential areas and employment-generating land uses should be located along transport corridors to improve access to transport, its infrastructure and the opportunities it provides for previously marginalised groups. This study uses Cape Town as a case city to explore two land-use driven development strategies directed at informal settlements and low-income housing. A dynamic land use transport model based on cellular automata was used to simulate land use and transport changes. Specifically, in-situ upgrading of informal settlements and strategically locating new low-income residential and employment generating land uses along transport corridors. The results from the analysis suggest that in-situ upgrading is a viable option only if new informal settlements located in areas with easy access to economic centres. With regards to low-income housing, targeted interventions aimed at ‘unlocking’ low-income housing and employment generating activities along transport corridors are useful. However, it was also observed that middle-income residential development was also attracted to the same corridors thus resulting in mixed land uses which is beneficial but can potentially result in rental bids between low and middle-income earners thus pushing low-income earners away from these areas.
Bio: Hazvinei is an economist with a background in land use and transport planning. Hazvinei completed her PhD in June 2019 at the University of Cape Town focusing on understanding land use and transport dynamics and their influence on urban change. She is currently a post-doctoral fellow at the Centre for Transport Studies at the University of Cape Town (CfTS). Her main areas of research interest include, land use and transport modelling, transport poverty, social exclusion, residential location choice modelling and discrete choice modelling. She is currently a visiting researcher at ITS in the choice modelling centre.
This seminar was presented in colloboration with the Leeds University Centre for African Studies (LUCAS)
Institute for Transport Studies Research Seminar Series: Our seminar series is for anyone interested in the latest transport research. Presented by members of the Institute and guest speakers, the programme is designed to stimulate cross-disciplinary conversations across a range of transport and mobility research areas. The short seminars will be followed by a discussion. The remainder of the session will be a chance to meet up and network. No booking required.